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1880s style wagon building, Borax wagons

The 1880s style wagon building of the 20 mule team Borax wagons has come back to life. Perhaps you witnessed big dreams, big hitches and big wagons as they met together to commemorate a big legend at the world’s largest New Years Day parade; the 2017 Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, CA.  You can also watch the wagons as they were built.

The dream of bringing back the legendary 20 Mule Team Borax wagons began to take momentum in 2009 when the Death Valley Conservancy began raising funds to build an exact replica of the 1880 Borax wagons. Once a household name, the original mammoth Borax wagons now sit idle in the Death Valley heat at the Harmony mine, just a memory of years gone by.

During the winter of 2015 I began drafting the plans. Huge oak trees turned into massive hubs, and the 8300-pound wagons began to emerge. With the help of many donors, and with the Rio Tinto Mine tipping the scales, February 1st of 2016 began the start of the race to the Rose Parade finish line. Designed to haul 10 tons of borax and having wheels over 1000# each, these were built completely from scratch, just like the original wagons.

In the mid 1880’s the original wagons traveled desolate miles across the Mojave sand, traveling from camp to camp, to feed and water. Borax was hauled out of Death Valley to the town of Mojave while hay and water were hauled back to restock the camps for the return trips. Two men and 20 mules made this trip every 10 days, covering 165 miles each way.

In their memory, on January 2, 2017, the 20-mule team hitch of Bobby Tanner was hitched to the brand new Borax wagons for their debut voyage down Colorado Boulevard. On pavement instead of sand, but just as grand, millions looked on, seeing first hand the pinnacle of what is known as “the big hitch era”, as it really looked.  When

test driving the new wagons—–courtesy photo, Merilee Mitchell

they watched the 20 Mule Team Borax hitch roll by, big dreams, big hitches, big wagons and big legends came to life before their very eyes.

You can now experience 1880s style wagon building, first hand, at Watch these huge wagons take shape as wood and steel come together. You can also see these wagons up close when they are housed at the Laws Museum, just outside Bishop, CA

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20 Mule Team Borax – grandson


20 Mule Team Borax – grandson

Monday morning, June 13th, started out as just another day answering the phone and working on the 20 Mule Team Borax wagons.  Then in walks a quiet, elderly gentleman and his wife and introduces himself as, “I’m the grandson of Borax Smith.”  As it turned out, Steve Beck and his wife Terry were on a trip celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary and had the coach shop on their itinerary.  

I had heard mention that there was a grandson that still had an interest in the Borax history, so it was quite a delight to have them walk in to check the progress of the wagons. 

Steve mentioned that he was now 77 years young and commented that I was one of the few that didn’t question his statement of being a grandson instead of a great grandson.  Evidently there was a wife later in life of Francis Marion Smith, who became known as Borax Smith, of whom Steve was in the lineage of.  


We had a very nice time touring the shop, showing and explaining where we are in the project, i.e. hubs, spokes, felloes, irons, and axle assembling.  I had just completed assembling the axle hounds to the axle caps so I requested if we could have a picture of them with the front gear, to which they graciously consented.  

Steve and Terry operate The Rotten Apple Ranch in Sebastopol, CA.  While Steve has had the pleasure of riding in the 20 Mule  Team Borax wagons now being pulled by Bobby Tanner in a previous Rose Parade, it only heightens his anticipation for his next ride, in the new wagons.

Thank you, Steve & Terry for stopping by.  It was a pleasure being able to meet with you and we are looking forward to meeting again, perhaps to a ride together in the Rose Bowl Parade.  

Many Thanks,

Dave & Diane


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Borax 20 Mule Team Wagons


The Borax Wagon adventure has begun. After several years of planning, searching, drawing and calculating, the reproduction of the Borax wagons that hauled borax out of Death Valley from the Harmony Mine, are about to begin. Thanks to the persistence of the members of the Death Valley Conservancy, of which my privilege to meet with have been Henry Golas and Bobby Tanner, progress has been continually moving forward in a desire to preserve a special part of Americana history in the 20 mule team Borax wagons and the big-hitch era. The wagons pictured here are on display at the Harmony Mine, just outside of Furnace Creek in Death Valley. A couple of skeleton gears are also on display at the museum in Furnace Creek, but these wagons at Harmony appear to be the only surviving wagons, of this size, that hauled Borax from the mine to the rail head 165 miles away. There is one set of wagons very similar to these wagons that are still being pulled and they reside at the mine at Boron. These wagons are hitched to by Bobby Tanner and his 20 mule team at Bishop Mules Days annually, and on occasion for training purposes. Bobby has been taking his 20 mule team hitch to Ketchum Wagon Days in Idaho for about 15 years and hitching to their silver ore wagons, very similar in size to the Borax wagons, but still not as massive. These wagons are estimated to weigh in, empty, at 7800# each. They were designed to carry an additional 10 tons of borax, each, hitched in tandem, along with a water wagon in tow as the third wagon. All this was operated by two men, a jerk line driver, or mule skinner, and a swamper who ran the brake on the second and third wagon and helped attend to the needs of the two men and mules. At this time the axles are nearing completion and 18 hub blanks have been turned and drying. Whether the hub blanks will dry sufficiently to be useable for this time schedule is yet to be determined, but 10 are in Death Valley undergoing the effects of the 100+ degree summer temperatures. Anticipation is growing as several donors are offering their assistance in the project, along with numbers of donors who have helped this dream grow over that last several years. If you are interested in donating to this monumental project please contact me for information as to Mr. Golas’s or Mr. Tanner’s addresses. This is being organized through the Death Valley Conservancy and all monies are directed to them. When the axles arrive, we will shortly thereafter begin construction of the gears and wheels. Because of the magnitude of the wagons, and the significance of the project, I will be posting video clips of the progress to help everyone watch the steps involved in their construction. We appreciate your interest and involvement with this momentous adventure. Thanks to Henry and Bobby, and many, many others, who are driving forces behind this event. Garon Stutzman has written articles for Mules N More magazine which are well worth reading, giving some helpful insights to the projects progression. Mr Stutzman, and his wife Donna, were gracious enough to donate 18 large white oak blocks from which to make the hubs from. They were still at 40% moisture a year ago so it has been a challenge to bring them down in moisture content to make them useable. Time will tell. These wagons have been invited to participate in the 2017 Rose Bowl Parade, so obviously time is of the essence. They are also looking for an official invitation to the 2017 Inaugural Parade in Washington D.C. So stay tuned as we attempt to help make this possible. Best regards. Dave Engel Engel’s Coach Shop

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September 2009 Trip – Leg Three

Little Bentley was so fun he deserves a second picture. From Nate & Brittany’s I headed south out of Bozeman looking to go over the mountain to Mystic Lake. I wanted to skirt Bozeman Pass. When I did get to the trail head I found it was VERY popular with hikers and mountain bikers, and most of them had their dogs. I had picked up a stray that I had to put the run on and a couple of older ladies gave me this, “Boy you’re mean” look. About 6 miles up I got to a spur trail that was more my style.








Mystic Lake really is a pretty lake. There is a Forest Service cabin there that is rentable, but a fair hike to get there. This was the beginning of an interesting couple of days. I was at Mystic about 3:00 and rode til about 6:00 just trying to find trails. No trail markers had anything like what my map said. I followed a logging road until it played out, circled back to Mystic, took another unmarked trail and decided it was wrong, headed back to Mystic, and finally took a trail to the north side of Mystic and camped for the night. Three hours riding and hadn’t got anywhere. There was one trail left that said “Bear Lakes TR 53 – 4 miles” that I decided I would try in the morning. No TR 53 on my map, but it headed west.



The next morning found me about a mile up the Bear Lakes trail, boxed in by downed timber, too high to jump, no way around to bush-wack, but back. “I don’t want to go back!” So with my dull ax I had forgotten to sharpen, I spent time finding the most rotten log to hack through. I still had trouble convincing Betsy she could jump it. She thought rearing was more appropriate until I adjusted her neck with Hannah’s lead rope. Jumping wasn’t so bad after all.










After two more log jams we could brush-pop around, and a super steep rocky, eroded trail off the top that I walked off of, we made it to Bear Lakes. This is the northern Bear Lake. The southern lake was a moss covered green, slimy pond. The amazing thing through here was that it is all accessible by 4-wheelers and is a horrendously eroded, torn-up mess! We found ourselves skirting the trail because it was so bad. But I figured if there was that kind of access, then there had to be a way out.


I started out heading north for about a mile and decided that was wrong so I went back to the lakes and found a trail that headed west. “West is good.” Trouble was it ended at a camp site in a half mile or so. No other options, but Mystic Lake, so we went north again only to find a trail that said “Loop Trail” “Great! Now we get to ride in circles!” But my map showed an unmarked looped trail with another trail coming in from the north. So off we go, north on the loop.










After riding the loop for several hours we came to an intersection of trails; we were riding west at the time and the trail “Teed” into a north – south trail. By my map, the south trail (unmarked) would have looped back to where I had started, so I went north. After several more miles we came across a sign that said “Bear Canyon.”; another mile, another sign, “Bear Canyon.” “I don’t want Bear Canyon, because that leads us back to Bozeman!” So, back south I go, pick up the other south-bound trail, which leads us by some old homestead sites, up a long, tough grade, and “Voila! Trail Creek Road.”








Now I know where I am! (Or so I thought) So, off we go, heading south, heading for Livingston. We passed a Forest Service mile marker that said “4” so I figured I was four miles down Trail Creek Road; further north than I wanted, but good to go. Three miles down the road I came to the Trail Creek Ranger Station. Trail Creek Ranger Station is not on Trail Creek Road! Come to find out, it is on Goose Creek Road and Trail Creek Road is 7 miles back north! So 7 miles back north we go to finally camp a half mile from Trail Creek Road. Also, Goose Creek Road is not on my map. I have decided I don’t like my map any more.

Short story long; I had planned to be in Livingston Saturday afternoon to see sister Carol and Tom before their store closed. 10:00 am Monday morning I rode in.









I’m sorry this photo didn’t turn out better than it did, but I had never heard of Storrs. The sign reads:


This was the site of the town of Storrs from 1902 to 1910

Storrs was a model coal company town laid out in blocks with

painted houses having running water and electricity. (1904-1910) There

was also a hotel, boarding houses, store and fire station.

The town was built by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company

for the workers who labored in the coke production plant

and coal mines. In 1908 the operation shut down. The plant

burned down under mysterious circumstances. From 1899 to

1918 the Turkey Trail Railroad serviced this area. The ruins

of 50 coke ovens, the coal wash plant, foundations,

the motel foundation and a fire hydrant can be seen

from the road.










The photo to the right is part of the remnants of the ovens referred to in the sign.










I did eventually make it to Tom & Carol’s Way Out West store where I had a delightful 5 hour visit. Hannah and Betsy were crowd pleasers. I had stopped to pick up a real map at the Forest Service Office down the street where I heard that snow was predicted Tuesday night. Carol graciously outfitted me with wool socks and tee-shirt to help avert the oncoming storm. Two days later they were GREATLY appreciated! Thanks Carol!










The trip from Livingston to McLeod was in comfortable, beautiful fall weather; some colors in the trees were starting to show. We found a little spot behind an irrigation ditch with nice grass; trees for some shade and a little off the beaten path. It was only 3:00 in the afternoon, but this was a nice spot. Rest is always welcome; blue skies, warm breeze, good feed.
















Wednesday morning the rain set in, which quickly turned to snow. “Don’t like the weather in Montana, just wait!”








I had planned to head south, deeper into the Beartooth Mountains, but instead we headed north towards Big Timber to ride around the bulk of the storm.

We had camped at the base of the mountains where the main storm was and by about 5 miles we were into just the rain and wind – cold wind.











The Crazy Mountains were beautiful after the clouds lifted off.










After Big Timber, down Bridger Creek Road and headed for Absarokee, we finally saw the Beartooth Mountains that we can see from Joliet. This was when I really felt like we were getting close to home. While riding Bridger Creek Road I was told of another snow storm coming that was predicted to drop a foot of new snow by Sunday evening. (Now Friday)








Saturday morning we awoke to yet another beautiful sunrise.













But by Saturday afternoon the mountains were starting to disappear under the impending storm.










By Sunday morning, camped at Cooney Dam Reservoir, the Beartooths were no longer visible, light snow was in the air and the wind was cold.










This was the morning of “lasts”. It was actually a bit gut wrenching for me as I took last pictures, fed the girls their last cake on the trail, saddled up for the last time and gave them each a hug for their companionship. They are sweethearts.








As all things must come to an end, we made it back home; 650 miles, 36 days, worn out horse shoes, square toed hooves and a few dings, but a memorable time, a new outlook on life and a desire to go again.

Sorry Kawasaki, you might be for sale!

















Thanks all for traveling the miles with me!




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September 2009 Trip – Leg Two

My father planted this evergreen tree when I was young and I remember him nurturing it, split top and all, until it became quite a beautiful tree. It winter killed several years ago and Dan limbed it and topped it and said he was going to carve it into a totem pole and at the top was going to be a peacock. That morning, as we were adding to the flower bed at its base, one of their young peacock males flew to the top and perched there while the work below ensued.   “See, there’s going to be a peacock at the top” Dan says with a wry grin.









Monday morning, September 14th, I packed up and headed on leg two towards Bozeman where our daughter Janelle and son Nate (Brittany) live. Fresh supplies are packed up and after climbing on the scales at my sister Katy’s kennel I found that I had only lost 5lbs. so far.









I rode past the Highland cemetery where my folks are buried in the Veterans section (the white markers in front). About 10 miles out of town Hannah came up lame and after checking her over I decided to head back to Great Falls and find a vet for a check over. She seemed to favor her right hind leg and I thought maybe she had stifled herself. We walked back about three miles when I could tell she was limbering back up. I concluded that she had muscle cramps and was working them out so we headed back south.

That night at camp they were both eager to bed down for more rest. Neither seemed to overly eager to be on the trail and it had been kind of a ho-hum day anyway. So we stopped early, rested long and ate well.









This night brought another beautiful sunset and a gorgeous night under the stars.









Headed south we were viewing yet another mountain range south of Great Falls known as The Cascades.










No western landscape is complete without a windmill.










 We soon crossed the Smith River, well known as perhaps the most popular scenic river to float in Montana. It is so popular that reservations have to be made well in advance and numbers of floaters are limited.


















We were soon into more wide open cattle and sheep country as we headed down the Milligan Route towards White Sulphur Springs. This was a particularly calm day and we put up with long dry stretches filled with flying ants for hours. In the planning stages of the trip, this was the longest stretch that concerned me because of the lack of natural water sources. It was 20 miles between creek or river crossings. We found one spring-fed stock water tank at about 18 miles after we crossed the Smith River that was a very welcome relief. Hannah and Betsy wee perkier, but days like this day turned out to be tests of endurance, physically and mentally.











I ended up taking numbers of pictures of old farmsteads and homesteads and tried to envision the dreams, families and lives that fought for their existence in some of these remote regions of Montana.











The map shows a town called Lingshire, but this old Post Office building is all that remains.











Fort Logan is another lingering memory of glory days long past; built to protect miners during the gold rush days, it now remains, privately owned, well kept, but without a marker, so as to avoid the hassle of tourists.










After the long dry stretch through the Milligan route, we rode over the crest of a hill, 9 miles out of White Sulphur Springs, to this little oasis. We had traveled close to 30 miles, 11 miles of pavement, hot sun, no breeze, poor ditch banks, and 70 mph traffic and were at the end of our endurance when this showed up. What a welcome sight! Knee high grass, alfalfa and thistle; both Betsy and Hannah seemed to like Canadian Thistle. We were camped across from Steve & Maggie Buckingham, and Steve met me at the road the next morning with hot coffee and an invitation to a hot breakfast, so not only did the girls dine, but so did I.









That night I rolled up in a sheet of plastic to the patter of rain after watching a mesmerizing lightning show. By morning there were the cries of Sand-hill Cranes, fog on the Smith River and heavy dew. What a beautiful morning!


















As we headed south, out of White Sulphur, towards Bozeman, we rode sparse, sagebrush, dry country. It was 23 miles to the town of Sixteen from where we camped the night before.

We saw what looked like two dust devils in the distance, but it turned out to be two large 4-wheel drive tractors scratching out a living.

















We did finally see signs of habitation at the town of Sixteen; two homes. This was the home of Mike & Ingrid Eckberg and their neighbor, Bill. Theirs was the only homes since highway 12, which was eighteen miles north. Ingrid goes to Ringling twice a month to get the mail and drives 4 miles north to a high spot to get cell phone service. And I can assure you that Ingrid makes a killer club sandwich and bacon & egg breakfast!









Bill has lived here all his life and is surrounded by man’s best friends, about 50 of them. 30 accompany him everywhere he goes, even when he rode with me across 10 miles of mountain trails to show me the way to Maudlow (and back by himself). Bill was the only one to ride with me for any portion of the ride, and this with severe arthritic pain in his hips. This was a momentous day for me and a new friend I shall never forget! Thanks Bill.











Every morning was cake time and both girls knew it. Every morning I was greeted with “Glad to see you’re up. Where’s breakfast!” This morning, on the middle fork of Sixteen Mile Creek, I was slow getting there so they came rousting me out. The frost was pretty heavy so we waited for the sun and listened to the bull elk bugle.









After 9 days from Great Falls we rode into the Gallatin Valley’s Bozeman.

Here we spent two days resting and refueling the mind and body.   Nate & Brittany’s little puppy, Bentley and I had great days lounging while Brittany attended classes and Nate organized his roofing crews. We had a nice dinner out to celebrate their first anniversary and restocked supplies once again, with Bentley’s supervision of course.
















Last leg left – heading back to Joliet.



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September 2009 Trip – Leg One

September Notice

The first of September (2009) marks the fulfillment of 30 years in the wheelwright trade when early September, 1979, I joined Rick Bischoff in his vision of a buggy shop here in Joliet, Montana. Much has come and gone since then; Old Timers have moved on and new aspiring teamsters have picked up the lines.

Many times I have heard, and felt, the notion, “I was born a hundred years too late.” The “good old days” are enamored by those who look back admiringly from the comforts of our current lives, and looked upon with mixed feelings by those who remember the hard times.

All this to say that I am going to be out of the shop for the month of September (2009), and even possibly a week or two of October, to experience a taste of days gone by. I am going on about a 600 mile horseback ride/pack trip to taste a bit of what our forefathers lived. I plan to leave the 30th of August and should return sometime in early October.

The drawback to being a family owned operation is that when I leave, things pretty much stop. Diane will be here to answer the phone as much as possible and even help you with your orders, but things will be operated on the lean side. I know this will be an inconvenience for some, but understood by most. Our personal number will be available through that time and she will monitor the email boxes as best as she can. You can reach her at 406-591-3573.

Once I get back in the shop we will begin our 31st year and I look forward to what we have in store. Times have changed since our forefathers opened up this country and times are changing all around us today, so follow your dreams, overcome your fears and appreciate your friends.

See ya when I get back!


October Note

I made it!! 650 miles and 36 days later I rode back into Joliet. I had plans of making it an even 40 days, but rumors of snow storms made me re-route my trip and head ‘er for home. Things went pretty much as hoped for, and planned. I left Joliet Aug 30th and rode back into town October 4th. I started out riding Hannah, a 7 yr. qtr-horse, a Hancock blood-line mare, who is cutting horse fast on her feet when she wants to be. I packed a 10 yr old mule, Betsy, who would love you to death if you showed that you loved her; which I did. 2 ½ weeks into the trip I switched places and rode Betsy and packed Hannah.

I was amazed at the bond that was generated between the three of us. Day after day of routines soon became habits of conduct. Saddles and packs were put on and lead ropes just dangled as the girls patiently waited their loads. Long, hot, dry days were pleasantly interrupted by patches of bright green brome grass and stock tanks; stock tanks and reservoirs became welcome sights. Probably half the nights were enjoyed out under the stars enjoying the beauties of the heavens while frost, rain and snow chilled my fingers and toes on others.

I was amazed at the noisiness of mankind each time we entered a new town. I never realized how noisy mufflers were and how loud tires were on pavement until spending numbers of days where all we saw or heard were coyotes and hawks. We traveled the grasslands, farmlands, mountain meadows and pine forests. We were forced to ride maybe 60 or 70 miles of paved roads which were hair-raising with 70 mph traffic and no ditch banks or right-of-ways at times. Gravel roads weren’t as bad, but hard on horseshoes, so we sought out cow-paths, ditches and soft shoulders wherever possible. Often times, through big ranch country, we could travel draw to draw, gate to gate, cattle-guard to cattle-guard and high-mountain trails, and reminisce that this is how it would have been for the early settlers and mountain men as we rode with no roads in sight. 100 year old wagon trails were a special treat, and I was amazed several times at the work involved to traverse creeks, draws and muddy hills. What a hearty breed our forefathers were! What a contrast to the “take care of me” mentality prevalent today.

I can’t recall how often I heard, “I would love to do something like that!” It made me realize that the responsibilities of our high pressure lives keep some of us from living our dreams, (though I did meet several who were living their dreams). People all along the ride became monumental memories to me; people who didn’t know me from Adam, who cooked a meal for me, offered the girls and me a drink, gave us directions and stopped to hear what I was doing. A very special man named Bill, hampered with painful arthritis, rode 10 miles across mountain trails to show us the way, and then 10 miles back home by his self. That was the living example of the “extra mile” and it touched my heart.

I was told before I left that I would be amazed at the people I would meet and that when I got back I would be a different person. I didn’t understand then, but I do more-so now. Where this will lead from here I am not sure, but I know I have discovered something that I love.



Leg One

Headed out of Joliet on Aug 30th, 2009










And leaving Carbon County











This is our first night’s camp at Fireman’s Point fishing access west of Columbus. After 23 miles the girls are tired.



















This became a contrast of life styles;

an awakening of the difference

between necessity and luxury. My

first camp was just below this mansion.










Our second night was under unsettled skies and wide open rangelands.











But this made for a beautiful morning sunrise that turned into rain, so we packed up wet and rode in the rain for a couple of hours.











Once we headed north of Reed Point we were into grasslands, cow country and brilliant blue skies.











Stock tanks and reservoirs became sought after water holes. The first two weeks gave us day after day in the 90ºrange where any sort of breeze was more than welcome.









After we lost sight of the Beartooth Mountain Range, the next mountain range in view was the Crazies, to the west.










The fluffy, cotton clouds drifted through the bright blue big sky country.











Since we had no one around to take our pictures, I did some self portraits.










Some of the colorful skies were just breath taking. This was on the Ed Bredding place where I was given the typical Montana rancher style directions, “Keep heading west. You can’t miss it.”











What Ed was referring to was this 100 year plus old wagon trail that ran through his place. “Cross the reservoir, past the three corner gate, and head west. You can’t miss it.” And by golly, there is was!










I liked this photo ‘cuz this showed cowboy style cattle guards. I actually began to think I hated cattle guards, because every time I had to open a gate, but I began to realize it gave me a chance to get off and stretch. I wouldn’t know how many hundreds of gates I opened. One thing our forefathers didn’t have to do is deal with fences and gates. Often times I was within a few feet of water, but was fenced out.











I wouldn’t have thought I would see this in Montana, much less at a fairground setting, but that’s what I rode into in Harlowton.










Fine then, I’ll go where there are no motorized vehicles

allowed, which was just across the road.











From Harlowton I headed north to the next set of mountains, which were a spur of the Little Belts, just west of Judith Gap, and thankfully there were more stock tanks on the way. This ended up maybe being one of the longest days we rode, crowding 30 miles. Most days we traveled from 8:00 to 6:00, but this day we didn’t get to a camp-able sight til after 8:00.








We camped in the Little Belts over the Labor Day weekend and spent our first lay-over rest day here.












This was also my first, and only, hot, camp-cooked meal I made on the whole trip. I had the capabilities to cook, but ended up eating out of cans and wrappers. It just wasn’t worth the effort for clean-up when water wasn’t always plentiful. This was a can of chili with elbow macaroni and cheese added. I called it chili-goulash soup and it was great! At this camp we had to walk ¾ of a mile each way to get water. We walked it four times. This was on Roberts Creek, but it was dry.sep1_19










This was on top of the Little Belts looking north. I wasn’t supposed to be here, but that’s what you get for taking the wrong trail. Just an extra three hours of riding. We actually rode to the peak, where there is a survey post, and the end of the trail. This is the west “sister” of two peaks known as “The twin sisters.” As we navigated rocky slides and disappearing trails, I realized that if anything happened here – nobody would know where to look. This is how people disappeared.












This was the right trail that got us off the mountain.sep1_20











This is north of the Little Belts, looking back south, and if you look at the mountain sky-line, from right to left, you will notice a double-humped pair of peaks about an inch in from the edge. The first peak is the west peak of the twin sisters, where I was the day before, pictured above.










This is also some of the beautiful ranch country we were able to ride through, courtesy of Paul and Janet Wertheimer of Hobson, MT. We met as they were gathering and weighing calves.

Through the Wertheimer Ranch, I picked up another old wagon trail that took me clear into Utica, an old tromping ground of Charles M Russell. On the skyline you can see the Highwood Mountains to the left and two buttes known as Round Butte and Square Butte.












Headed west from Utica I ran into some real dense smoke from a fire clear over by Helena. Not having a radio I had no idea what I was riding in to or how far away the fire was at the time. The sun was just barely peeking through.










Some of our camps spots were less than ideal, but always sufficed. This was on the dry, rocky creek bottom of Dry Wolf Creek.










After about 280 miles of riding I arrived at Great Falls , on day 14, to my brother Dan’s place with wife Nora (left), son Robert, Dan, daughter Laura and my wife Diane (right). They had no clue I was coming until about two hours before I got there. So Dan and Robert quickly patched holes in the fences while Nora and Laura got a water tub ready and made us feel right at home. Leg one of the trip and another day of rest, MUCH appreciated by all. We all enjoyed a 50th birthday party potluck at the neighbor Bob’s, where I ate way too much and I paid for dearly the next day. My body violently rejected the sudden rich diet after two weeks of surviving.